Sometimes it’s a little pain and sometimes a burning sensation, sometimes it’s the urgency and sometimes the frequency, it might come with a stinging smell or you might spot some cloudy spotting, UTI can happen to anyone, anytime. It is one of the most commonly encountered problems. Though its more common among women but men and children too can get UTI.
UTI is highly treatable and curable but ignoring it for a prolonged period can unbox a disaster. If UTI is not treated in time it might damage the kidneys and can have fatal consequences.
What is UTI (Urinary tract infections)?
UTI is an infection in the urinary tract caused by microbes. It may be caused by bacteria, fungi or virus breeding in the urinary tract. The most common cause of UTI is Escherichia coli (E. coli). The microbes may attack the kidneys, urethra, vagina, bladder, or urethra.
UTI of kidneys is called pyelonephritis while that of the bladder is called cystitis. The infection in the urethra is called urethritis. Though UTI is very common and usually not serious, it should never be ignored. The burning sensation, urge to pee, pain and irritation can make life miserable. Also, when ignored for a long time it may lead to severe complications.
What are the causes of UTI?
UTIs are mostly caused by an imbalance in the bacteria of the gut. It can also be caused by yeast or fungal infections in the urinary tract. Once these microbes enter the urinary tract they thrive and multiply causing inflammation and pain.
The most causes of Urinary tract infections are:
Hygiene – Washroom hygiene is the first and foremost thing plays a role in urinary tract infection. From proper cleaning to using germ-free toilets, proper hygiene should be followed.
Diet – Diet has got a role to play here. Proper diet boosts the immune system and keeps the bacterial balance maintained. Feeding on junks and unhealthy food may increase the risk of UTI.
Unprotected sex and contraceptives – UTI may be transmitted through unprotected sex. Also, the use of spermicides and certain birth control pills can result in UTI.
Pregnancy – Pregnancy hormones can change the bacterial constitution of the urinary tract. Also, pregnant women have trouble completely emptying their bladder and properly washing their genitals. This can lead to UTI.
Diabetes and other chronic ails – Some chronic ails lower the immune system. Also, the medicines may adversely affect the gut fauna causing UTI.
Who can get a UTI?
UTI is caused by microbes and germs and they don’t know to discriminate. So, anyone can get UTI. However, the risk of UTI is greater among woman because a woman’s urethra is shorter than a man’s urethra. This gives bacteria quicker access to the bladder.
Also, because of the anatomy woman’s urethral opening is near the anus which is a source of bacteria. More than 50 per cent of women encounter UTI at some point in their life.
Though anyone can get UTI, the following pre-conditions increase the risk:
- Being a woman
- Previous history of UTIs
- Health issues like diabetes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and spinal cord injuries.
- Tumour, kidney stone, or an enlarged prostate
- Birth control
- Using a catheter
- Homosexual men
- Uncircumcised men
- Dependency on antibiotics that kill the gut flora.
Symptoms of UTI
- Burning sensation while urinating.
- The urgency to pass urine.
- Increased frequency of passing urine.
- Pressure and pain in the lower abdomen.
- Stinking urine.
- Milky, cloudy, or reddish urine.
- Pain in the lower back.
Treatment of UTI
UTIs can be treated effectively using allopathic and Ayurvedic medicines. It is a highly treatable and curable condition. UTI in kids is more serious and it needs immediate doctor’s attention. Also, if bleeding occurs, then the doctor should be consulted at the earliest.
Prevention of UTIs
UTI can be prevented with a little caution followed carefully. Check out the following tips to protect yourself from UTI:
- Drink plenty of water.
- Don’t delay the urge to urinate.
- Always wipe from front to back i.e. urethra to the anus.
- Practise safe sex and urinate after sex.
- Wash the area properly after urination.
- Maintain proper urinary hygiene. Use toilet sprays before using a public toilet.
- Avoid constipation.
- Wear cotton underwear.
- Destress and take ample rest.
- Practice a healthy diet.
- Add probiotics like yoghurt and buttermilk in your diet.
- Some researches have highlighted the role of cranberry juice in the prevention of UTIs.
Our Word of Advice
Following a healthy and hygienic routine will keep your body protected and mind guarded. Soleme is a natural toilet sanitizer and deodorizer designed to solve the problem faced by many women. It instantly kills the germs in a single spray makes the toilet seat germ-free. So, don’t hold your urge to urinate or expose yourself to a host of germs, just spray Soleme and pee in peace.